Any assets that you become eligible to receive while you are an undischarged bankrupt are subject to seizure while you are bankrupt. This includes any windfall you might receive while bankrupt including:
- an inheritance while bankrupt,
- lottery winnings.
Under the terms of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act if you receive an inheritance or windfall while bankrupt, your bankruptcy trustee is required to take the entire amount of the windfall and distribute the proceeds to your creditors.
Generally, your trustee will contact all of your creditors to determine the full amount owed (including allowed interest charges), and pay them in full. Once the creditors are paid in full, and the trustee’s fees are paid, any money still in the trustee’s possession would be returned to you.
If you win the lottery after you are discharged from bankruptcy you are entitled to keep the money.
Before filing bankruptcy, you should consider the following:
- How much money are you likely to receive as an inheritance? If it’s a relatively small amount (i.e. significantly less than your total debts), then there is little risk to simply proceeding with filing for bankruptcy.
- As impolite as this question may be, ask yourself what is the likelihood that you will receive this inheritance during the length of your bankruptcy. If the chances are low, you could proceed with the bankruptcy now.
- If you expect your inheritance will be large enough to significantly reduce your debts, you could simply continue dealing with your creditors for now. This approach will work unless one of them starts garnisheeing your wages, or taking other legal action.
- The final option would be to file a consumer proposal. You make a proposal to your creditors based on what you can afford now, and if you happen to receive an inheritance you can use the funds to pay off the proposal quicker.
It is important before you file for bankruptcy that you advise your trustee if you are expecting a windfall or inheritance. By knowing what to expect, you and your trustee can discuss your best options in more detail.
If you are considering filing for bankruptcy in Ontario, and have more questions, contact a Ontario Bankruptcy today for a free initial consultation.